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US panel on Iraq to urge aggressive regional diplomacy
27/11/2006

Mon Nov 27, 5:51 AM ET

A bipartisan panel studying US strategic options in Iraq is expected to urge an aggressive regional diplomatic initiative that includes direct talks with Iran and Syria but sets no timetable for a military withdrawal, a newspaper has reported.

Citing unnamed officials familiar with the plan, The New York Times said Monday that while the Iraq Study Group was likely to accept the diplomatic option, it also expected a potentially divisive debate about timetables for beginning a US withdrawal.

Several officials said announcing a major withdrawal was the only way to persuade the government of Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki to focus on creating an effective Iraqi military force, the report said.

Members of the group, including some Democrats, are discussing proposals that call for a declaration that within a specified period of time -- perhaps as short as a year -- a significant number of US troops should be withdrawn, regardless of whether or not the Iraqi governments forces are declared ready to defend the country, The Times said.

The paper said that ideas under consideration include embedding far more US training teams into Iraqi military units in a last-ditch improvement effort.

While the numbers are still approximate, phased withdrawal of combat troops over the next year would leave 70,000 to 80,000 US troops in the country, compared with around 150,000 now, according to The Times.

"Its not at all clear that we can reach consensus on the military questions," the paper quotes one member of the panel as saying.

The draft report, according to those who have seen it, seems to link American withdrawal to the performance of the Iraqi military, The Times said.

But details of the performance benchmarks, which were described as not specific, could not be obtained, and it is this section of the report that is most likely to be revised, the paper said.

According to The Times, the draft of the section on diplomatic strategy was heavily influenced by panel co-chairman and former secretary of state James Baker and seemed to reflect his public criticism of the administration for its unwillingness to talk with nations like Iran and Syria.

But senior administration officials, including national security adviser Stephen Hadley, have expressed skepticism that either of those nations would accept talks, especially while Iran is locked in a confrontation with the United States over its nuclear program, the report said.

"Talking isnt a strategy," he is quoted a saying in an interview. "The issue is how can we condition the environment so that Iran and Syria will make a 180-degree turn, so that rather than undermining the Iraqi government, they will support it."


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